Tuesday, 22 May 2018

Podcast: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Ramadan (Part 1B)

Part 2 of this podcast

Based on this article by Asma Ramadan

Talking points:
*His ifṭār, may Allah bless him and grant him peace
*The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, establishing that the crescent moon has been sighted for Ramaḍān and Shawwāl
*His, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, hastening to break his fast and his hastening to pray *The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in his suḥūr and his abstaining *The time of his suḥūr, may Allah bless him and grant him peace
*His, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, intention to fast from the night before, before dawn *The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with his family in Ramaḍān

Further reading/Related: 
Moon Sighting: The Evidence from Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim with commentary by Sheikh al-Islam Yaḥyā An-Nawawī
Ramadan is Innocent

Thursday, 17 May 2018

Sunday, 13 May 2018

Podcast: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Ramadan (Part 1A)

Podast on the first part of this article

Talking points: 
*The connection between the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the blessed month of Ramaḍān
* The descent of the Noble Qurʾān in Ramaḍān
*The Prophet’s preparation, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for Ramaḍān after being obligated to fast it and the elucidation of its virtue
*With the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the etiquettes of Ramaḍān

Related Posts:
Does the person who is unable to fast because of a long-term illness enter from this gate?
Not Fasting Due to Illness 

Saturday, 28 April 2018

Allah Knows What is Good for You

A translation from this video

By Imam Muhammad Mutawali ash-Sha'rawi, may Allah have mercy on him.

This clip is taken from the first five minutes of the Imam's tafseer of Surat al-Baqarah 2:186.

At the 0:57 mark, the imam is comparing this verse, which is a response to the Companions asking the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about Allah, with the verses that answer their questions about legal rulings. The latter verses always contain the word 'Say!', i.e. the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is commanded to tell them the answer, which creates s.ome distance between Allah and them. (Examples would include al-Baqarah 2:189 and al-Anfaal 8:1) In al-Baqarah 2:186, this is not the case.

Tuesday, 24 April 2018

Prisons of the Mind

An interesting take on current cutural and social happenings, from Scott Adams

In both this blog and my podcast, the victim mentality and how it is a large part of Cultural Marxism/Postmodernism has been discussed at quite some length, but in this video, Scott Adams explains how a victim mentality, or at least a feeling of helplessness, can be broken, and it comes down to realising that a lot of physical problems are actually psychological problems. In other words, maybe you are not doing something because you think that you can't do it, or you think that it is not physically possible.

Adams explains this by way of two fallacies:

1. History repeats itself.

This isn't true because it is impossible for all the variables and factors from one historic event to be reproduced in another. (History definitely has cycles, as Imam Ibn Khaldun brilliantly pointed out in his Muqaddimah, but again, the exact variables and factors are never  reproduced.) Adams' point is that submitting to the notion that history repeats itself puts oneself in a mental prison, i.e. one believes that events will always and inevitably play out according to some pre-determined plot and therefore there is nothing you can do to better your situation. To be clear, I'm not talking about eschatology and what Allah has decreed to happen in His universe. Rather, this is about how we approach our own lives on a daily basis, which includes our worship, our families, our jobs and so on. 

Do you carry around certain assumptions regarding any of the above? For example, do you assume (and take for granted) that knowledge can only be obtained from certain people from a certain location? Do you assume that children can only be "educated" if they go to a government school, because that's what everyone else has done for several generations? Do you assume that getting a job can only be done via sending out CVs and application forms and hoping for an interview? Even better, do you assume that earning a living can only be done by working for someone else, or having a  9-5 job?

2. The problem has to be the solution.

Adams uses the example of slavery in the United States, but there are several examples that probably most people can relate to. What if you have an abusive parent  ( or other family member, colleague, employer etc.) and this individual has caused you a great deal of psychological trauma? Do they have to apologise to you and rectify themselves before you can better yourself? Absolutely not. You can treat and better yourself regardless of what they say or do. Don't waste your life away while blaming your childhood for your failures as an adult. I never forget the statement of Susan Forward in her book Toxic Parents: 'You are not responsible for what was done to you as a child. However, you are responsible for what you do about it as an adult.'

Another example is the assumption that the government can solve the problems it creates. Why should the government be expected to solve the failures of government schools? (Why not give the free market a try?) The same can be said of government attempts to alleviate poverty and make healthcare accessible and affordable.

In a hadith qudsi, related by al-Bukhari and Muslim, Allah says, 'I am as My slave thinks of Me.' We have to have a good opinion of Allah and expect good things to happen, even if they don't appear as such from our limited, human perspective. We should also believe that we can meet the challenges that Allah sends our way, because Allah does not burden a soul more than it can bear.

May Allah grant us all the tawfiq to be optimistic and positive and not to fall prey to feelings of helplessness and victimhood.


Related Post:
Islam is revelation, not a race or culture

Friday, 6 April 2018

On Women and the Masjid

By Imam ʿAbdul Ḥalīm Mamūd (born 1328AH/1910), may Allah have mercy on him, the Sheikh of al-Azhar from 1393AH/1973 until his death in 1397AH/1978. 

Sheikh Hisham al-Kamil teaching the book ar-Rahbiyyah in inheritance at Al-Azhar, Cairo

He says, may Allah’s blessings be upon him, in what has been related by Imam Aḥmad in his Musnad and Imam Muslim in his Ṣaḥīḥ, {“Do not hinder the handmaidens of Allah from the masjids of Allah.} Imam an-Nawawī says it is on the condition that they are not scented or beautified, or it is feared that they will cause temptation. Therefore, if women are conducting themselves modestly, there is nothing to prevent them from going to the masjid. Indeed, in this age it is desirable. We should encourage women to go. Maybe Allah will guide them by way of them hearing a word of exhortation or by way of them being exposed to Allah's blessings that are found in His masjids.

The doors of the cinema and the theatre have been flung wide open to women, and thus it would be wise to opens the doors of the masjids to them. As for what has been related by our Lady ʿĀʾishah, may Allah be pleased with her, that had the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, seen what women had invented by way of their embellishments he would have forbidden them from the masjids, what she meant is that women conduct themselves modestly when they go to the masjids. May Allah forbid that she, may Allah be pleased with her, intended to forbid something that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had permitted. Whenever there is modesty and the means of temptation have been nullified, women going to the masjids brings about nothing but good; good for them and good for the society, good in this worldly life and good in the Hereafter.

[Translated from Fatāwā al-Imām ʿAbdul Ḥalīm Maḥmūd (Cairo: Dār al-Maʿārif, 1979, 5th edition), v.1, p.499]

Related Posts: 
Women in the Masjid: The Evidence from Sahih Muslim, with commentary by Sheikh al-Islam Yahya an-Nawawi
Women in the Masjid...Apartheid Revisited (Jurjis)

Also by Imam ʿAbdul Ḥalīm Mamūd:
Can a Muslim be a Communist?
The Rank and Knowledge of Scholars

Friday, 9 March 2018

Sheikh Fathi Hijazi commemorates Imam al-Bouti

A translation of this video

From the commemoration that al-Azhar held in his honour, may Allah have mercy on him, shortly after his death.

Please share the video and subscribe to the channel.

Sunday, 18 February 2018

Reflecting on Death

Commentary on some lines of poetry by Abu al-Atahiyah, may Allah have mercy on him

Graveyard in Damascus
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
والصلاة والسلام على من لا نبي بعده:

وبعد: فهذا تحليل وشرح لبعض الأبيات للشاعر العباسي المشهور أبي العتاهية رحمه الله تعالى وهي كما يلي:

فكرتُ في الدنيا وجِدَّتها              فإذا جميع جديدها يبلى
وإذا جميع أمورها دُوَلٌ                بين البرية قلما تبقى
لقد مررتُ على القبور فما           ميَّزتُ بين العبد والمولى
ما زالت الدنيا منغِّصة               لم يَخلُ صاحبها من البلوى
دار الفجائع والهموم ودا             ر البؤس والأحزان والشكوى
بينا الفتى فيها بمنزلةٍ                  إذ صار تحت ترابها مُلقى  
تَقْفُو مساويها محاسنها               لا شيءَ بين النَّعى والبُشرى
ولَقَل يومٌ ذرَّ شارِقُه                  إلا سمعتُ بهالك يُنعَى
أتُراك تحْصي من رأيت من ال       أحياء ثم رأيتهم موتى

فكرتُ في الدنيا وجِدَّتها
أي: كنت أفكّر وأتدبر وأتأملُ في حال الدنيا وكيف يوجد فيها كثير من أشياء ومكوَّنات وُجدتْ من عهد قريب والمسكوت عنه في هذا البيت هو أنه لا يوجد كثير من أشياء ومكونات قديمة فأغلبيتها أو كلُّها تفنى وتعدم.

فإذا جميع جديدها يبلى
أي: لا يوجد شي جديد يبقى على حال جدته بل لا بدّ أن يتلف ويتدهور وفي استعمال كلمة "يبلى"  إشارة إلى معنيين: الأول هو البِلى كما ذكرنا والثاني هو البلاء والبَلِية وتوجد علاقة واضحة بين المعنيين ففي الابتلاء والمحنة والمصيبة تتغير الأحوال وتؤدي إلى البلى والهلاك في نهاية الأمر. وكما لا يوجد أي مفر من البلى لا يوجد أي مفر من البلاء فقد قال تعالى: "ولنبلونّكم بشيء من الخوف والجوع ونقص من الأموال والأنفس والثمرات وبشر الصابرين" (البقرة 2:155)

وإذا جميع أمورها دُوَلٌ
أي: كما ذكرنا آنفاً لا يبقي أمرٌ أو شيءٌ على حالة واحدة إلا إذا كانت تلك الحالةُ التقلُّبَ والانقلابَ

بين البرية قلما تبقى
أي: كل أمور الدنيا دُوَلٌ بين الخلائق فمن كان في الخير والعافية اليوم قد يكون في البلاء والشدة غدا والعكس كذلك وقلّما يكون أحدٌ في حالة خير أو شر لمدة غير قصيرة فلذلك ينبغي للإنسان ألا يسعى وراء السعادة الكاملة في هذه الحياة الدنيا بل هو من العبث فهو يبحث عن شيء لا يوجد وعليه أن يصبر ويسعى وراء الحياة الخالدة

قد مررتُ على القبور فما                   ميَّزتُ بين العبد والمولى
أي: كل نفس ذائقة الموت ولا مفر منه سواء كانتَ عبدا أو سيدا فالقبر هو مصير كل من الطبقة الراقية والفقراء وكل ما بينهما ونلاحظ أن الشاعر قد استعمل كلمة "مولى" بدلا من "سيد" ف"مولى" من الكلمات التي تفيد معنيين متعاكسين وهما "عبد" و"سيد" (أي الفاعل والمفعول) ولا نميّز بينهما إلا من خلال السياق والسياق هنا واضح ومبين.

ما زالت الدنيا منغِّصة              لم يَخلُ صاحبها من البلوى
أي: الحالة الطبيعية للدنيا هي الإزعاج فلا يجد صاحبها راحة ويسرا إلا في لحظات مبعثرة ثم يأتي العسر والشدة ينغّصانه . ونلاحظ أن الشاعر قد استعمل كلمة "بلوى" (يعنى البلاء والبلية) ويوجد تجانس لفظي بين هذا الكلمة وكلمة "يبلى" وقال ابن فارس في مقاييس اللغة: "الباءُ واللامُ والواوُ والياءُ أصلان: أحدهما إخلاق الشيء والثاني نوعٌ من الاختبار."

دار الفجائع والهموم ودا            ر البؤس والأحزان والشكوى
أي: الدنيا هي دار المصائب والكوارث وفوق ذلك هي دار الهموم والأحزان ففي دعاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه سلّم يقول:"اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الهم والحزن" فالفرق بين الهم والحزن كما يقول الإمام عبد الرحمن بن الجوزي في كتابه الطب الروحاني هو أن الهم للمستقبل والحزن للسالف فيحزن الإنسان على ما فاته من عمره فقد ارتكب ذنوبا وفرّط في حق ربه وفي هذا النوع من الحزن فائدة ونفع لصاحبه فقال مالك بن دينار "بقدر ما تحزن للدنيا كذلك يخرج هَم الآخرة." لكن يوجد الضرر في الفكر المُفْرط والمهدور فقال الإمام ابن الجوزي "أعلم أن الفكر يراد لاستدراك فارطٍ والنظر في مصلحة مستقبلة فإذا كان فيما لا يثمرهما كان ضررا وإذا كثر أنهك البدن." إذن نعوذ بالله من الهم والحزن من هذا النوع وكما قال الشاعر هما من طبيعة هذه الحياة الدنيا.
كذلك ذكر الشاعر البؤس يعني الفقر والشدة والمشقة وقد شرحنا هذا آنفا ثم ذكر الشكوى فالشكوى نتيجة عادية متوقعة لكل ما ذُكر في هذين البيتين: تدفعنا المشاكل والمشقة إلى أن نشكو وللأسف عددٌ كثيٌر منا يشكو إلى كل من قد يستمع إليه غير أن المطلوب منا ألا نشكو إلا إلى الله. قال تعالى على لسان نبيه يعقوب عليه السلام: "إنما أشكو بثي وحزني إلى الله" (يوسف 12:86) وقال رسول الله صلى لله عليه وسلم في دعاءه بعد إخراجه من الطائف: "اللهم إليك أشكو ضعف قوتي وقلة حيلتي"

بينا الفتى فيها بمنزلةٍ                 إذ صار تحت ترابها مُلقى
أي:قد يوجد شابٌ ذو منصب في هذه الدنيا أو ذو ثروة وما نحو ذلك ثم يُدْركه الموتُ من حيث لا نحتسب فهو مُلقى تحت التراب, وفي ديننا نصلي على أمواتنا وندفنهم فورا بدون أي تأخير أو انتظار فلذلك الوقت بين خروج الروح ووضع الجسد في الأرض قصير جدا يوم أو أقل من ذلك. وفي حين ذاته قد يشير الشاعر إلى قصر العمر فيصبح الشاب عجوزا و لا يستغرق الانتقال من الأول إلى الثاني وقتا طويلا وبعد ذلك يحضر الموت.

تَقْفُو مساويها محاسنها              لا شيءَ بين النَّعى والبُشرى
ب"مساويها" ويقصد الشاعر "مساوئها" (وتخفيف الهمزة هي لغة قريش) يعني عوائقها وهي عكس محاسنها وفوائدها فيتبع الشرُ الخيرَ وتتبع المشقةُ الراحةَ. ثم بعد ذلك يشير الشاعر مرة أخرى إلى قصر العمر فلا يمضي وقت جدير بالاعتبار بين البشرى بولادة فلان والإعلان بوفاته.

ولَقَل يومٌ ذرَّ شارِقُه                 إلا سمعتُ بهالك يُنعَى
معنى ذرّ شارقه هو تطلع الشمس أي قلّما تتطلع عليّ شمس يوم جديد إلا وأسمع نعية جديدة

أتُراك تحْصي من رأيت من ال      أحياء ثم رأيتهم موتى
أي: أنا أفكّر في حالتك: هل تتدبر أحوال الناس تراهم أحياء ثم تراهم موتى؟ في عبارة أخرى يجب على كل فرد أن يتأمل في عمره وأعماله وأن يستعد للذي لا مفر منه ألا وهو الموت. ليس للإنسان أن يركن على الدنيا فهي قصيرة ومملوءة بالمصائب والفجائع وقد تنتهي في أي لحظة والآخرة خير وأبقى.
وأخيرا فإننا نجد راحة في كلمات هذه الأبيات وهي بمثابة مخرج من الهم والغم والحزن. كيف ولماذا؟ لأن الاعتراف والإدراك بأن الحياة الدنيا بعيدة كل البعد عن الكمال أو المثالية يدفعك إلى الإسلام لقضاء الله وقدره فبدون هذا الإدراك تمضي أيام حياتك وأنت تطمح إلى المثالية أو ذلك الشيء الذي تظن أنه سيمنحك الكمال أو السعادة الخالدة وفي البحث عن شيء معدوم تفقد قدرا وافرا من الوقت والجهد والطاقة والنتيجة هي لا شيء إلا الألم الشديد في قلبك ونفسك. جزا الله هذا الشاعر خيرا فكلماته تطمئن صدورنا وشعورنا وتُرجِع نفوسنا إلى الحق.

والله الموفق وله الحمد كله.    

(Insha'Allah, I will do a podcast on this and translate it into English.)

Saturday, 27 January 2018

Tuesday, 16 January 2018

The Rank of the Family in Islam and How Islam Protects It

By Imams Muṣṭafā al-Khin, Muṣṭafā al-Bughā and ʿAlī ash-Sharbajī


The Definition of Family:

The word usrah (i.e. family) linguistically means ‘a group of people’ (rahṭ), i.e. individuals – the people closest to you.

In Islamic terminology, usrah means that cell that includes fathers, mothers, grandfathers, grandmothers, daughters, sons and the sons of sons.

The Family is the Foundational Pillar of Society:

If the individual is the foundational brick in the building of society, the family is the living cell in its essence.

The individual is a part of the family and draws his primary characteristics from it. The Exalted One has said, “…descendants one of the other…” [Āl ʿImrān 3:34] He is imprinted with its imprint and influenced by its upbringing and nurturing.

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, {There is no child except that it is born upon the natural disposition (al-fiṭrah). Its parents then make him a Jew, Christian or Magian, just as an animal produces an entire animal. Have you ever noticed one that is mutilated (jadʿāʾ)?} This has been related by Muslim (in the Book of Predestination in the chapter on the meaning of every child being born upon the natural disposition…, no.2658) on the authority of Abū Hurayrah.

The fiṭrah is the state that has been prepared for good, and it is the original human disposition. ‘…just as an animal produces an entire animal…’ means that it is just as an animal gives to birth to offspring that has all of its limbs and organs and nothing is missing.

Jadʿāʾ means that an ear has been cut off. In other words, mutilation and imperfection occur after birth, due to the influence of the environment that surrounds a person, as well as others. Man’s state is the same; his uprightness or deviation is subject to the environment that he grows up and develops in.

Based on the aforementioned, we say: The individual is a part of the family and the family is a part of the society, and a foundational pillar therein. If the family is sound, the individual is sound, and if the individual is sound, the family is sound, and the society is sound.

This is why Islam goes to great lengths to protect the family, why it devotes so much concern to it and why the family takes up a large share of the rulings found in the Qurʾān and in the Sunnah.

The Ways in which Islam Shows Concern for the Family:

The ways in which Islam shows concern for the family are manifest in the legislations and rulings that it has formulated in order to organise the family and regulate its affairs. These include, and are not limited to, to the following:

A. The command to marriage:

This is so that the pillars of the family can be established, because there is no family without marriage. Any sexual relationship between a man and a woman that is not based on the foundations of marriage is adultery and fornication.

Allah the Exalted says, “And do not go near fornication. It is an indecent act, an evil way.” [al-Isrāʾ 17:32]

He, Mighty and Majestic, also says, “…in marriage, not in fornication or taking them as lovers.” [al-Māʾidah 5:5]

B. The legislation of the rights and duties of both the husband and wife:

Islam has placed the following duties upon the husband towards the wife:

1. The bridal gift (mahr); the Exalted One has said, “And give them their mahr as an outright gift.” [an-Nisāʾ 4:4]

2. Maintenance (nafaqah); the Exalted One has said, “It is the duty of the fathers to feed and clothe them with correctness and courtesy.” [al-Baqarah 2:233]

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, {And you have to feed and clothe them with correctness and courtesy.} This has been related by Muslim (in the Book of Ḥajj, the chapter on the Prophet’s pilgrimage, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, no. 1218) as part of a longer ḥadīth.

3. Living together correctly and courteously; Allah the Exalted has said, “Live together with them correctly and courteously.” [an-Nisāʾ 4:19]

Likewise, the wife is obligated to carry out the following with regards to the husband:

1. Obedience in that which is not disobedience to Allah. The Exalted One has said, “Men have charge (qawāmah) of women.” [an-Nisāʾ 4:34]

Qawāmah means leadership and the right to be obeyed.

2. That no one enters his house without his permission and consent; the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, {It is your right over them that no one whom you dislike enters your house.}

Imam an-Nawawī, may Allah the Exalted have mercy on him, said, ‘They cannot allow anyone you dislike to enter your houses and sit in your homes.’

3. That they preserve his dignity, maintain his honour and protect his wealth; the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, {Shall I tell you the best that a man gathers for himself? A righteous wife; when he looks at her, it pleases him, when he commands her, she obeys him, and when he is absent, she protects his honour and his wealth.} This has been related by Abū Dāwūd (in the Book of Zakāt in the chapter on the rights of wealth, no. 1664).

C. The legislation of the rights of children and parents:

Islam has placed the following obligations upon parents with regards to their children:

1. Maintenance; Allah the Exalted has said, “If they are suckling for you, give them their wages.” [at-Ṭalāq 66:6] Allah, Mighty and Majestic, has obligated a wage for the one suckling for the sake of the child’s maintenance.

2. Good upbringing and teaching them how to worship and have good character; the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has said, {Teach your children to have three qualities: love for their Prophet, love for his household and the recitation of the Qurʾān.} This has been related by ad-Daylamī (See al-Jāmiʿ as-Saghīr by as-Suyūṭī).

And he, peace and blessings be upon him, said, {Each one of you is a shepherd and responsible for his flock. A ruler over his people is a shepherd and responsible for his flock. A man is a shepherd over the people of his household and he is responsible for them. A woman is a shepherdess over her husband’s house and his children and she is responsible for them. A slave is a shepherd over his master’s wealth and he is responsible for it. Each once of you is a shepherd and each one of you is responsible for his flock.}

(This has been narrated by al-Bukhāri in the Book of the Friday Prayer, in the chapter on the Friday Prayer in towns and cities, no.853, and by Muslim in the Book of Governance in the chapter on the virtue of a just ruler, no.1829, as well as others.)

Likewise, Islam has placed the following obligations upon children:

1. Obedience to parents in that which is not disobedience to Allah the Exalted, and to show them kindness:

Allah the Exalted has said, “Your Lord has decreed that you should worship none but Him, and that you should show kindness to your parents.” [al-Isrāʾ 17:23]

The Exalted one has also said, “Keep company with them correctly and courteously in this world.” [Luqmān 31:15]

2. Maintenance of the parents if they are poor and the child is wealthy; the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, {From the purest of that which a man eats is what comes from his own earnings, and his child is from his earnings.} He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, also said, {You and your wealth belong to your father. Your children are from the purest of your earnings, so eat from the earnings of your children.} (Abū Dāwūd in the Book of Houses and Renting in the chapter on a man who eats from the wealth of his father, no.3528 and 3530, at-Tirmidhī in the Chapters of Rulings, in the chapter on what has reached us regarding a father eating from his son’s wealth, no.1358)

And there are many other rulings connected to the organisation of family life and the regulation of its affairs, and from these rulings and legislations the extent to which Islam is concerned with the family and protecting it is made clear.

[Translated from Al-Fiqh al-Manhajī ʿalā Madhhab al-Imam ash-Shāfiʿī, (Damascus: Dār Al-Qalam, 1433/2012) v.2, p.16-20]

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Birr Al-Wālidayn and the Rights of Children
Introducing Shāfiʿī Fiqh (part 1)
Introducing Shāfiʿī Fiqh (part 2)

Friday, 12 January 2018

Can a Muslim be a Communist?

By Imam ʿAbdul Ḥalīm Mamūd (born 1328AH/1910), may Allah have mercy on him, the Sheikh of al-Azhar from 1393AH/1973 until his death in 1397AH/1978.

Figure 1: Anglosphere Muslims marching with Socialists  Source: www.alamy.com

One day, Brother Muḥammad ʿAbdur Raḥmān came to see me, and he works in journalism. He started talking with me about a number of issues and I started answering him, and this is something we normally do from time to time.

Amongst these questions was a question about communism. The full text of the question and the answer to it is as follows:

Question: Is it possible for me to be a Muslim and a communist? Why?

Answer: A sincere Muslim’s Islam means that he doesn’t need any other doctrine. Allah, Glorified and Exalted is He, has made this unequivocally clear:

“Today I have perfected your religion for you and completed My blessing upon you and I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you.”[1]

Allah has completed and perfected the theology of this religion.

And it is known that communism wages war against religion. It wages war against it with every possible means. This has been declared by its most prominent leaders, and it is well-known what Karl Marx said.

At first, he said, ‘Religion must be removed from society.’ When it was said to him, ‘Man must have a belief. What alternative is there to the belief in God?’, he said, ‘Distract them with theatre, and have a lot of theatre. Whenever you have a lot of theatre, the people start talking about the play’s success or failure, about the success or failure of the actors and actresses in their roles, and they forget about religious beliefs.’

He is the one who said, ‘Religion is the opium of the masses.’

The other leaders of communism have made similar statements. Even if they are not word for word the meaning is the same. All of them agree on this and their actions absolutely corroborate it. The most atheistic and the most anti-religion of them is the one who advances through the party ranks and becomes a leader.

Their newspapers earnestly call for all the remnants of religion to be gotten rid of. A number of times we have read in our newspapers, quoting the Russian newspapers, that there are still remnants of religion and they must be gotten rid of. Officials are blamed for not being more active, so that the last residue can be done away with as soon as possible.

The masjids in communist Albania are closed. Whoever appears to be religiously inclined is severely punished. You could have bullets fired at you. If someone is religiously inclined, they cannot occupy a distinguished position in any communist country.

The communists have a specific way of attacking religion.

The first step in attacking religion is to make fun of its scholars, to mock them and criticize them, and they attack them with every means: caricatures, plays, films, jokes.

The initial plan is to weaken the scholars of religion with every means.

They inflate that which is small, they bring into existence that which doesn’t exist and they constantly spread rumours.

Carried away behind them are the naïve and simple-minded, the naïve and simple-minded of every people and nation.

When the men of religion have been weakened, they attack some of the branches of religion. This is the second step. When it has been completed, they attack religion directly.

They study these stages of theirs patiently. They have a set plan for each step, with written talking points and many things prepared in advance. This is as far as belief goes.

If Allah the Exalted has completed and perfected the religion in terms of theology and beliefs, He the Glorified has also completed it and perfected it in terms of economics.

Islam has legislated for the purposes of wealth. It has legislated for the purposes of trade, agricultural property, renting, buying and selling. It has made it abundantly clear how a debt is to be written and it has done the same with regards to inheritance, as well as zakāt and how it is to be distributed.

The actual foundation of Islam is the freedom of the individual in relation to wealth, within the framework of the general principles of Islam.

Something that should be seriously considered is the fact that ʿAbdur Raḥmān ibn ʿAwf, ʿUthmān, az-Zubayr and Ṭalḥah, may Allah be pleased with them, were millionaires[2] and despite that, they were amongst the ten promised direct entry into Paradise. Abū Dharr, Bilāl and Ṣuhayb were not amongst the ten promised direct entry into Paradise, and there is no doubt that they were at the forefront of righteousness and piety, and that Paradise, by Allah’s grace, is their destination. However, despite that, they are not amongst those promised direct entry into Paradise.

If the foundation in Islam is the freedom of the individual in relation to wealth within the framework of Islam’s general principles, then communism vehemently opposes it.

[Translated from Maqālāt fī al-Islam wa ash-Shuyūʿiyyah (i.e. ‘Essays on Islam and Communism’) by Imam ʿAbdul Ḥalīm Mamūd (Cairo, Dār al-Maʿārif, n.d.) p.5-7]

[1] (tn): Sūrat al-Māʾidah 5:3
[2] (tn): or even billionaires by today’s standards

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Cultural Marxism 

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Islam, Communism and Cultural Marxism (Postmodernism)